Mathematics is the basic language of all natural sciences and all modern technology. In the twentieth century mathematics made tremendous strides both in opening new frontiers and in solving important and difficult old problems. Its influence permeates every creative scientific and technological discipline, and extends into the social science.
With the developments in computer science, information technology, and statistics in the twentieth century, the importance of mathematics to mankind will be further enhanced in the twenty-first century.
for their contributions related to mathematical physics, to arithmetic geometry, to differential geometry and to Kähler geometry.
Prize in Mathematical Sciences have been awarded to one laureate only
Prize in Mathematical Sciences have been shared by two laureates
for their highly innovative works on nonlinear partial differential equations in Lorentzian and Riemannian geometry and their applications to general relativity and topology.
for his profound work in mathematical analysis and its application to partial differential equations, mathematical physics, combinatorics, number theory, ergodic theory and theoretical computer science.
for their many brilliant contributions to geometry in 3 and 4 dimensions.
for their widespread and influential contributions to Mathematical Physics
for initiating and developing a grand unifying vision of mathematics that connects prime numbers with symmetry.
for David Mumford’s contributions to mathematics, and to the new interdisciplinary fields of pattern theory and vision research; and for Wentsun Wu’s contributions to the new interdisciplinary field of mathematics mechanization.