Simon D M White
"for his contributions to understanding structure formation in the Universe. With powerful numerical simulations he has shown how small density fluctuations in the early Universe develop into galaxies and other nonlinear structures, strongly supporting a cosmology with a flat geometry, and dominated by dark matter and a cosmological constant."
 
 
Ian R Gibbons
Ronald D Vale

"for their discovery of microtubule-associated motor proteins: engines that power cellular and intracellular movements essential to the growth, division, and survival of human cells."
 
 
János Kollár
Claire Voisin
"for their remarkable results in many central areas of algebraic geometry, which have transformed the field and led to the solution of long-standing problems that had appeared out of reach."
(Photo of Clarie Voisin©Patrick Imbert/Collège de France)